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Incarceration

The reentry of serious, high-risk offenders into communities across the country has long been the source of violent crime in the United States. As more than 630,000 offenders are released from prison every year, the problem of their recidivism has become a crisis that affects all parts of a community. Fewer than half of all released offenders stay out of trouble for at least 3 years after their release from prison, and many of these offenders commit serious and/or violent offenses while under parole supervision. This is a significant problem because there were more than 652,000 adult offenders under State parole supervision across the country at year end 2000 (Trends in State Parole, 1990-2000, PDF format).

Picture of father and son on basketball court.

Mentoring Children of Prisoners Program

The purpose of the Mentoring Children of Prisoners program, established in 2003, is to make competitive grants to applicants serving urban, suburban, rural, or tribal populations with substantial numbers of children of incarcerated parents and to support the establishment and operation of mentoring programs.

Prisoner Re-Entry Initiative (PRI)

To strengthen urban communities heavily impacted by returning non-violent ex-offenders, the Re-Entry Initiative takes an employment-centered approach that incorporates housing, mentoring, and other comprehensive services. At the federal level, a team of federal and national partners is facilitated by the Employment and Training Administration to guide this collaborative process and insure ex-offenders have access to those services necessary for them to successfully integrate into their communities through employment.  List of partners actively involved in this initiative.

Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI)

Research indicates that proper management of reentry needs — such as job skills, addiction treatment, and health care — could reduce the crime rate and recidivism, and that the corresponding decrease in the inmate population would result in considerable cost savings at all levels of government. The Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative — which was developed by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs (OJP), in conjunction with the federal partners — is a comprehensive effort that addresses both juvenile and adult populations of serious, high-risk offenders.

SVORI Multi-site Evaluation Website

The Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) Multi-site Evaluation website provides detailed information regarding the evaluation activities associated with the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative. RTI International and the Urban Institute are conducting the comprehensive implementation and impact evaluations and economic analysis.

Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services (SAMHSA)

SAMHSA's mission is to build resilience and facilitate recovery for people with or at risk for substance abuse and mental illness.

Office of Justice Programs

Since 1984, the Office of Justice Programs has provided federal leadership in developing the nation's capacity to prevent and control crime, improve the criminal and juvenile justice systems, increase knowledge about crime and related issues, and assist crime victims.

Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

The official statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Justice.

Research and Practice Symposium on Marriage and Incarceration

This report summarizes an ASPE-convened symposium on developing strategies to improve the marriages and family life of those incarcerated or returning from a period of incarceration.  Invited to the meeting were experts with research and practice knowledge about incarceration and re-entry, marriage strengthening, family processes and domestic violence.  The symposium discussion focused on 1) increasing understanding among the criminal justice and marriage education disciplines about how these issues are viewed by each discipline; 2) identifying practice needs and gaps to improve marriage outcomes for these couples; and 3) reviewing research topics for improved understanding of the efficacy of various interventions for this population.  In addition to the discussion synthesis, the report contains the Symposium agenda and participants and a conference background paper.  January, 2007.  PDF Version (350KB)

From Prison to Home:  The Effect of Incarceration and Reentry on Children, Families, and Communities

This project had four major components: first, commissioned papers to develop a research and practice baseline about this high-risk, high-services use population. Second, a state symposium held in November 2001 to gain insight into how states are responding to these issues. Third, a national policy conference held January 30-31, 2002, to discuss the papers and get feedback from policy makers at the federal, state, and local level, from practitioners, and from the research community. Fourth, a conference report to synthesize key aspects of the state symposium discussions, conference proceedings, and the research papers developed for it.

Domestic Violence Resources

Violence and abuse affect all kinds of people every day. It doesn't matter what race or culture you come from, how much money you have, or if you have a disability. It is most common among women between ages 15 and 54, but it can happen at any age. Learn more about how to know the signs of violence and abuse. Learn how to stay safe. If you are being abused or have a loved one who is abused, or think there is abuse, get help as soon as you can. Remember abuse can be physical, mental, and emotional

Re-Entry Policy Council

The Council of State Governments (CSG) with funding from the Department’s of Justice, Labor and Health and Human Services and private entities established the Re-Entry Policy Council (RPC) in 2001 to assist state government officials grappling with the increasing number of people leaving prisons and jails to return to the communities they left behind. A major goal of the RPC is to facilitate coordination and information-sharing among organizations implementing re-entry initiatives, researching re-entry trends, communicating about re-entry related issues, or funding re-entry projects. Also see http://consensusproject.org for CSG sponsored information on the relationship between incarceration and mental health.

Safe Return Initiative

The Safe Return Initiative — a partnership of the Vera Institute of Justice and the Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community (U.S. Department of Justice) — addresses domestic violence among African-Americans as prisoners reunite with their families. Through community education, training, and on-site assistance, Safe Return helps professionals in criminal justice agencies and community- and faith-based organizations who are involved in the federal government's with support from the Office on Violence Against Women with support from the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative develop responses to the difficult issues their clients experience.

Projects and Reports

Projects and reports on topics of interest.

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